The most common kinds of infections are caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungus.
Viruses are tiny biological agents that grow within cells of living hosts. Viruses cause infections ranging from a common cold and flu to infections as dangerous as acquired immune deficiency, more commonly known as AIDS.
Bacteria are one-celled organisms that can cause many infections. Among the most common are, skin infections, urinary tract infections, and strep throat.
Parasites are frequently transferred from contaminated food and water, and animal sources via bites or droppings. Parasites cause diseases such as giardia, toxoplasmosis, and malaria.
Fungal bacteria can cause skin diseases such as athlete’s foot and ringworm. Other types of fungal bacteria can infect the respiratory and nervous systems.
An infection may start through direct or indirect contact with the infecting agent. Direct contact methods include:
Infections may spread indirectly through:
Upon diagnosis, the treatment depends on the infecting organism. When bacteria cause infections, antibiotics may be used. Antibiotics do not work on viral infections. Some viral infections can be treated through medications, but not all respond to drugs. The common cold, for example, has no cure. Antifungal and anti-parasitic medicines exist, though in the case of parasites, some build resistance to drugs.
At Sunshine Pediatrics, we accept most major insurance plans. Here is list of some of the plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed.